By Elisabeth Pugh ![alt text](/filestore/BlogImage/1c952156-b1e2-4175-a9ae-6565a375d5f2/8518ece7-6e21-48b5-9a7e-4c34acf686ccPrimaryfeedbackblogimage2.jpg ""){: .center } ### A recent study by the Education Endowment Foundation found that the impact of effective feedback, on average, is eight months additional progress.{: .center } Feedback is obviously critical to students, but is all feedback equal? The EEF acknowledges that whilst “feedback studies show very high effects on learning, it also has a very high range of effects, and some studies show that feedback can have negative effects and make things worse”. This article examines how LbQ's highly effective feedback enhances student learning, increases engagement and builds resilience. In some respects, the most important part of what LbQ does is in the feedback. Our questions are written to expose common mistakes and misconceptions, with feedback designed to correct these misconceptions immediately, ensuring that they don’t become embedded. Feedback is presented to students privately and is based on their individual answer, so it is relevant to them and they can act on it in the moment. LbQ feedback is directive or epistemic, not corrective. It doesn’t give students the correct answer, it gives them steps to find the correct answer, or provides information used to work out the correct answer. Most importantly, LbQ feedback makes students think and engage with the learning. ![alt text](/filestore/BlogImage/1c952156-b1e2-4175-a9ae-6565a375d5f2/77047a77-71ab-45f4-995d-3069b0121cdcPrimaryfeedbackblogimage.jpg ""){: .center } In summary, LbQ feedback is highly effective because it: * **is planned**. LbQ Question Sets are designed to progress students through a series of small steps of increasing demand. Questions are designed to expose students’ misconceptions and common mistakes that are corrected through feedback as they complete the Question Set. * **is immediate**. LbQ gives student feedback after each question. Feedback from a correct answer reinforces their learning with an explanation or additional information. * **is individual , relevant and private**. The feedback a student receives is specific to the answer they gave. It is on their device, and so is private to them, reducing the risk of embarrassment and increasing student confidence and engagement. * **isn't confined to the classroom**. Children still receive the same high quality feedback, regardless of whether learning takes place in class or, should bubbles burst, at home. * **is directive or epistemic depending on the desired outcomes**. Many online learning products provide corrective feedback, such as ‘Incorrect. The answer is X’. LbQ feedback is either directive, so it informs the learner how to answer the question, or epistemic, which stimulates the learner to think about the “why” in relation to the question. LbQ feedback will often give a hint in order to help students figure out how to get to the correct answer. * **provides an opportunity for students to act on feedback immediately.** Questions can be answered as many times as it takes for a student to get the correct answer. This means that students act on feedback straight away, correcting misconceptions before they become embedded in their minds. The requirement to act on the feedback immediately ensures that students engage with it. Feedback that the student doesn’t engage with is not useful. * **enhances task involvement, not ‘ego’**. LbQ rewards students for correct answers. There is no competition with other students, ensuring that students stay focused on the task and not ‘winning’ or 'losing’, which can harm self-esteem and demotivate. If you'd like to see our innovative feedback in action, you can [book a tour of the LbQ platform here](